Chief Judicial Magistrate Shahidul Islam issued the order following a brief hearing on Friday.
Hossain has been shown arrested in 11 cases, including last year’s murders that triggered massive countrywide public outrage.
Many of the relatives’ victims, who had gathered at the court premises, said they expected police to seek time to interrogate Hossain in order to “get to the bottom” of the incident.
But police did not seek time, as the court has already accepted charge sheets in two cases relating to the multiple murders.
No lawyer represented Hossain in court.
He was taken to Narayanganj jail and from there to Dhaka Central Jail, Senior Jail Superintendent Jahangir Kabir said.
Hundreds of people thronged the court premises amid tight security, raising slogans demanding Nur Hossain’s hanging.
A former local Awami League leader, Hossain fled to India shortly after the abduction and murder of seven men, including former City councillor Nazrul Islam, on Apr 27, 2014.
He was a councillor of Ward No. 4 in Narayanganj City at the time.
Nazrul Islam’s in-laws have claimed Hossain bribed RAB Tk 60 million to carry out the killings. An internal RAB investigation found the involvement of its men in the crime.
In what is being looked at as an act of reciprocity, the Indian government handed over Hossain to the Bangladesh authorities on Thursday night, a day after Dhaka transferred ULFA leader Anup Chetia to Delhi’s hands.
RAB took Hossain to its headquarters in the morning and later handed him over to the case investigation officer.
Hossain, accused in 22 different cases, is wanted in 13 of them. He was sentenced to a year’s imprisonment in a case last year.